IT GOVERNANCE FRAMEWORKS YOU SHOULD KNOW
IT governance is an integral part of an organization’s overall governance, which, among other things, has the objective to ensure accountability, fairness and transparency within the organization. IT frameworks are a part of an organization’s IT governance and they are in place to provide a structure to ensure that IT governance objectives are complied with. The need for IT frameworks is clear: An increase in governmental regulations and the fact that organizations rely more than ever on technology to manage their business.
There are various frameworks for ensuring and documenting the delivery of secure, cost-effective IT services. We have listed three globally recognized IT frameworks, each with slightly different content:
ISO 27001: Information Security Management Systems
The International Organization of Standardization (ISO) is a non-governmental organization that has developed different standards throughout the years with the objective of providing solutions to global challenges. ISO 27001 includes requirements to how an information security management system should be maintained and ensures consistency in the security processes.
Obtaining the ISO 27001 certification is often a challenge due to the demanding requirements, but it can be worth the trouble: ISO 27001 certification can provide organizations with a competitive advantage as certification can demonstrate a high security level and subsequently boost the organisation’s credibility, trustworthiness and goodwill.
ISAE 3402 (International Standards for Assurance Engagements) is an assurance standard that has been developed to provide information and assessment of controls within service organizations. There are two types of ISAE 3402 reports within the assurance standard: Type I and Type II. Click here to learn about the difference between the two types.
Complying with ISAE 3402 can be an advantage, as it can enable software hosting providers to assure clients that their data and system operation is managed according to quality and security standards. Furthermore, the framework provides a communicative advantage compared to other service providers who do not offer an ISAE 3402 report.
COBIT (Control Objectives for Information and Related Technologies) was first released in 1996 and is an IT management framework that helps organizations develop, organize and implement strategies regarding governance and information management. The newest version is COBIT 5, which is based on five principles that enable organizations to build a strong framework for effective governance and management of IT.
COBIT is globally recognized and developed by ISACA. Following the COBIT framework can entail various advantages including effective use of IT to achieve business goals, effective risk management, and compliance with laws, regulations and contractual agreements.
Impero is a cloud-based GRC (governance, risk management and compliance) solution that is used in various areas to achieve compliance. Impero can support compliance with IT frameworks through documentation of implementation and the performance of the controls in place. Impero is intuitive and can with ease provide an overview of the performance of processes. Controls can be reused, which is a valuable feature when dealing with recurring controls as in the case of most IT frameworks.